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28.05.2019

Members of the "Janów" Association from Israel visited the Museum

On May 24th, the Museum and Memorial Site in Bełżec hosted members of the "Janów" Association from Israel. Their stay in Poland was connected with the ceremony of unveiling the plaque that commemorate Jews murdered in Janów Lubelski during the Holocaust. During the visit to the Museum, the guests got acquainted with the history of the Nazi German death camp in Bełżec. They also have learned the story of Chaim Hirszman’s life, who was from Janów.

The actions against Jews in Janów Lubelski were part of the "Operation Reinhard" carried out in the Lublin region, as part of which many Janów Jews were deported to the death camp in Bełżec. Chaim Hirszman was one of them. In November 1942, he was deported to the camp in Bełżec together with his wife and less than two-year-old son. There, the German crew selected him for work. He spent eight months in the camp, until its liquidation in the summer of 1943. The prisoners from Belzec were then sent to Sobibor, where they were murdered immediately after their arrival. Hirszman, anticipating the, jumped out of the transport. He joined the unit of the People's Army, after the war he joined the ranks of the Civic Militia and then the Security Office. He was shot in March 1946 in Lublin by juvenile conspirators. On that day he managed to give only a part of his testimony about the extermination camp in Bełżec, which was later supplemented by his second wife Pola Hirszman.

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