Star of David pendant
Star of David pendant
In March this year, in connection with the ongoing COVID-19 epidemic, the Museum and Memorial Site in Bełżec was closed and its educational offer was…
Excerpts from the Old Testament in Hebrew belonging to Jews from Lubycza Królewska.
Decision to build the camp
Beginning of the camp building
Appointment of workers to build camp barracks
Christian Wirth came to Bełżec
Completion of construction work
First deportations. Beginning of "Aktion Reinhardt"
End of the first phase of the camp functioning
Beginning of the deportations from the Krakow District
Erection of concrete gas chambers
Gottlieb Hering was appointed the commandant of the camp
Beginning of "great action" in Lwow
Deportation of Rudolf Reder to Bełżec
Deportation of Chaim Hirszman to Bełżec
Last deportations to the camp
Połowa grudnia 1942
Beginning of the camp liquidation
Transport of last prisoners from Bełżec to Sobibór
Decision to build the death camp in Bełżec was made during the meeting between Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler, SS-Gruppenführer Friedrich Krüger - Higher SS and Police Leader in the General Government, and Odilo Globocnik - SS and Police Leader in the Lublin District.
SS-Hauptsturmführer Richard Thomalla from the SS Central Construction Board in Lublin came to Bełżec along with SS non-commissioned officers: Gottfried Schwarz, Josef Oberhauser and Johann Niemann who started arranging construction work.
Germans who came to Bełżec ordered the local clerks to appoint workers who would build wooden barracks near the railway ramp on the Kozielsk hill.
SS-Obersturmführer Christian Wirth came to Bełżec and assumed command of the construction of the camp.
The construction work was completed by 120 Jews from Lubycza Królewska who were then killed in gas chambers.
On March 17, 1942, started mass deportations to the death camp in Bełżec from ghettos in Lublin and Lwow.
As the first phase of deportations finished, the camp functioning was suspended for a month.
Starting from the beginning of June, transports from the Krakow District were directed to Bełżec.
As the camp ceased its functioning, Germans erected concrete gas chambers here.
Gettlieb Hering substituted Christian Wirth who had been nominated as inspector of the "Aktion Reinhardt" camps – in Bełżec, Sobibór and Treblinka.
In mid-August, Germans commenced deportations of Jews from the ghetto in Lwow.
Rudolf Reder was one of only two survivors of the Bełżec death camp who testified about his experience after the war.
Chaim Hirszman was sent to Bełżec along with his wife and nearly 2-years-old son. Hirszman was selected to work in the camp and his relatives were killed in gas chambers.
The last Jews deported to the camp came from Rava Ruska. From December 7 to 11, 2,000-5,000 people were sent to the camp, including escapees from previous transports.
In mid-December, as transports of Jews ceased to be committed to the camp, Germans started its liquidation.
A group of last Jewish prisoners, employed to erase the traces of the camp, were deported from Bełżec to Sobibór where they were killed.